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Image Entertainment presents
Bed and Sofa (Tret'ia Meschanskaia) (1927)

"I don't like to stay here while you are away. People will talk a lot of rubbish."
- Vlodya (Vladimir Fogel)

Review By: Mark Zimmer  
Published: March 07, 2004

Stars: Liudmila Semyonova, Nikolai Batalov, Vladimir Fogel
Other Stars: Leonid Iurenev, Maria Iarotskaia
Director: Abram Room

Manufacturer: Deluxe
MPAA Rating: Not Rated for (thematic material)
Run Time: 01h:26m:58s
Release Date: March 09, 2004
UPC: 014381575323
Genre: foreign

Image Transfer
Audio Transfer
A B+B+A- A-

DVD Review

Although Sergei Eisenstein gets the lion's share of the ink spilled on Russian silent cinema, there were of course quite a few other significant filmmakers creating interesting dramas on both large and small scales. This new disc produced by David Shepard's Film Preservation Associates features an intimate domestic drama by director Abram Room (1894-1976) from the end of the silent era.

Husband and wife Kolya (Nikolai Batalov) and Liuda (Liudmila Semyonova) live in a Moscow basement apartment. Vlodya (Vladimir Fogel), an old war comrade of Kolya's, comes to Moscow but is unable to find a place to live. Kolya invites him to take the sofa as his kingdom. But when Kolya must go on a business trip, sparks begin to fly between Vlodya and Liuda, leading to tensions in the household of three and a shifting of allegiances between the various couplings.

The acting is highly naturalistic, complementing Room's objective camera. The men have a childish character about them (emphasized by the use of diminuitives of the actors' own names for the characters), especially in contrast to the often oppressed life of Liuda. Even after the love triangle has become apparent, the men still treat each other as boys, playing checkers rather than attending to Liuda's needs. Liuda seldom leaves the basement apartment at all during the running time, emphasizing the trapped feeling that's made worse by Kolya's frequently contemptuous treatment of her. When Vlodya, in an attempt to spoil her a bit, takes her for a brief airplane ride, the exhilaration and freedom introduced into her life is palpable; even though she earlier demonstrated dislike for him it's easy to see why he begins to appeal to her. The relationships develop in an unforced and credible manner.

The visuals are engaging throughout, with a good deal of the use of mirrors and blocking of characters to emphasize mood and the narrative thrust. Indeed, there are very few intertitles and few are needed, as the visual storytelling is more than enough to carry matters along. The triangle is often depicted visually as well, with the two men onscreen while Liuda's picture on the wall hovers between them. When matters reach their head, Liuda significantly removes the picture from the frame and places it back on the wall, signalling an abrupt change in the relationship, this time for good.

Bed and Sofa was controversial at the time of release, especially since it really just focused on human relationships. The state and the party are almost disregarded; indeed, Kolya at one point declines to go to a Party meeting, which surely must not have pleased the Party apparatus. The resolution is ambiguous and also comes about without the involvement or even input of the collective, which was another strike against it. For modern audiences, the welcome absence of such polemic helps make this a watchable film today.

This two-disc set features two complete versions of the film; the first disc contains the picture with English intertitles and superimposed overlays translating the necessary Cyrillic into English. The second notably provides the original version, complete with Russian intertitles and unaltered, which will certainly be appreciated by Russian speakers, and will also provide some authenticity to those familiar with the film, and as noted above, once you understand the basic situation, the titles are hardly necessary anyway. This is a welcome and commendable step.

Rating for Style: A
Rating for Substance: B+


Image Transfer

Aspect Ratio1.33:1 - Full Frame
Original Aspect Ratioyes

Image Transfer Review: The original full-frame picture is presented in a slightly windowboxed manner, so little or none of the visual information is lost to overscan. The source print has the expected flicker, noise, speckling, and occasional splices, but it's obviously early-generation source material since it has a good deal of detail and texture present. Black levels are very good and a nice range of greyscale is present. As a whole, it's quite attractive for being 75 years old.

Image Transfer Grade: B+


Audio Transfer

 LanguageRemote Access
DS 2.0(music only)yes

Audio Transfer Review: The Mont Alto Orchestra provides a chamber score for the film, and it's quite appropriate, with a nice Slavic feel that's not overwhelming in character. Directionality is surprisingly clear, with excellent depth and presence, especially from the cello.

Audio Transfer Grade: A-


Disc Extras

Static menu with music
Scene Access with 15 cues and remote access
Production Notes
1 Feature/Episode commentary by Prof. Julian Graffy
Packaging: Gladiator style 2-pack
2 Discs
1-Sided disc(s)
Layers: single

Extra Extras:
  1. Short film Chess Fever
  2. Russian version of Bed and Sofa
Extras Review: Not a great many extras are provided (in addition to the Russian version of the feature), but they're excellent. First up is a full-length commentary by Julian Graffy, a professor in Russian literature and cinema in London and author of a book on the feature. Not only are his credentials impeccable, but he points out numerous facets that might not be obvious to a non-Russian audience and explains the geography, which is important to the working of the film. Although he occasionally stoops to narrating what's onscreen, the main drawback is poor, echoey sound that makes it a trifle difficult to listen to.

The other principal extra is the short film Chess Fever (Shakhmatnaya goryachka, 1925), a 27m:46s comedy about the chess mania that overtook Moscow during that year, when it played host to the International Chess Tournament. Vladimir Fogel returns here as a young man obsessed with chess and about to marry Vera (A. Zemtsova). His disregard for the pending nuptials in favor of the chessboard sends Vera into a frenzied rage and she does everything she can to get him to pay attention to her. The comedy quickly hits absurd heights and is very funny, particularly in depicting the maniacally absorbed public that lives for the game of chess. One doesn't usually associate the Russians with comedy, but this film proves that they're quite capable of it when the mood strikes. Longtime champion Jose Capablanca makes an appearance as well, so chess history buffs will be interested for that feature as well. Judith Mayne also provides a spoiler-filled set of notes that are best read after viewing the film.

Extras Grade: A-


Final Comments

Domestic drama and the ménage à trois, Soviet style, but without the Party line being toed. The transfer's quite good and there are some outstanding extras, making it another set silent film fans will want to have in their collections.


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